Providing septic service in many areas of York County. Our customers benefit from reliable service and experience working with pumping and maintaining septic systems of all kinds, old and new. Additionally, our team greatly appreciates and values the strong customer base and relationships we have established over many years, as well as new customers looking for a company that strives to provide the service they deserve.
Contact us today at (717) 846-1642 to schedule an appointment for service.READ MORE
J. L. Martin & Sons in York, Pennsylvania, is a full-service septic pumping and installation business. We are the area's top choice for septic pumping and maintenance. We are proud to provide top-quality customer care and service and we look forward to serving your family. Call us today for a free estimate! 717-846-1642
A: A septic tank is a filter or interceptor placed in your septic system to trap solid waste and debris from getting into your drain field. Much of the organic waste is digested by bacteria in the tank, and what is not digested forms a scum layer on the top of the tank or settles out on the bottom of the tank into a sludge or slurry-type material.
Although it is impossible to keep all this material from getting to the drain field, as some are suspended in the water, the septic tank or tanks is the main line of defense. Any tank (filter) that is not cleaned or maintained on a regular interval will eventually become saturated or overloaded with the material it is designed to trap. This will allow the material that is to be contained in the tank (filter) to travel into the drain field, which can severely damage, and in some cases destroy the drain field and absorption area.
Since the drain field (absorption area) is the most important and most expensive component for a working septic system, not maintaining your septic system greatly increases the probability of replacing your system, which is a very expensive investment. If your property is on a small parcel of land or poor soil, and your system fails, sometimes you are very limited to what type of system you can install, and these alternatives, such as a holding tank system, are more expensive to maintain.
A: There are many variables, which determine the frequency: Size and number of tanks before the drain field or absorption area Number of people in household, what is allowed to go down the drain or toilet, the ratio of bacteria in tank compared to the amount of waste to be digested, how well the drain field is working to absorb the water that is being used by the household, and is there an ordinance in the municipality where you live that requires a minimum interval between pumping.
It is not an easy question to answer. An older system, which is usually a single tank system would best be maintained in the 1 to 3 year of range, whereas a newer 3-tank dosing system could go more toward a 4 or even 5 year maximum range, but all of this depends on the above variables. When a system is pumped, we can get a better idea what would be an appropriate interval.
A: Being efficient using water can definitely be a factor, as each gallon of water that goes into the system has to be treated in the septic tanks and then absorbed into the soil. Low-flow toilets, water saving water fixtures, water efficient washers, and water conservation will lighten the load for your system. Also, any toilets that do not shut off properly or seem to fill when no one is using them, as well as leaky faucets, should be taken care of immediately.
Even a very slow trickle of water can overload a system and cause it to overflow or malfunction. Do not flush anything that is not easily broken down in water. This includes baby or personal wipes, paper towels, cooking oils or grease, paint (water or oil based), solvents, harsh chemicals (even excessive bleach), auto oil, grease, anti-freeze, or toxic materials.
Many of these things can affect the good bacteria level in your tank and even cause permanent damage to your system, including the tanks, pipes, and other components of your system. When in doubt, don’t put it down the drain.
A: We recommend pumping through a large access on all septic tanks, dry wells, and cesspools. This access provides a better pumping, as well as the ability to inspect the inside components and condition of the tank construction. This access would be approximately 20 to 30 inches in diameter with some type of childproof cover.
By pumping on a regular basis, as well as inspecting and maintaining the baffles in the tank, it is possible to minimize solid waste which is to be contained in the tank, from flowing into the drain field or absorption area. This may help you avoid a costly system replacement. When the system is pumped through this large access, we are able to see damage, which is not visible by pumping and looking down a 4 or 6-inch pipe.
Sometimes, these access pipes are close to or even in a baffle, which could cause damage to that baffle. We are also able to better see the solid waste; to make sure all is pumped from the tank.
Many townships now require this access as part of their on-lot sewage pumping ordinance and program. The ordinances prohibit pumping through a 4 or 6-inch pipe (observation ports).
A: A sand mound is a type of drain field or absorption area. Sand mounds can be elevated (above ground level) or below grade (pressure dosing system). There are still septic tanks before the sand mound, which will include a tank with the pump in it.
The pump puts the effluent coming from the septic tank or tanks, into the sand absorption area under pressure, which evenly distributes it through the drain field. These systems can have one or more tanks before the pump tank, but all tanks should be serviced on a regular interval including the pump tank.
If your system has small pipes sticking up through the sand mound and there seems to be water leaking around them, or if they are actually cracked or broken, they need to be repaired immediately. This prevents the system effluent from leaking out on the surface of the ground (which is illegal). Also, sand from the drain field can also come back into the pump when these are broken, which can damage or even ruin the pump.
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